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Publication Nr PROC002
Author Schaeffer, H. A.
 
Title
Proceedings of the 3rd Conference of the European Society of Gla. Science and Technology (ESG) Würzburg 1995 Fundamentals of Glass Science and Technology
 
Keywords
 
Journal
Publication Year 1995
Volume
ISS
Page 605
 
Abstract
PREFACE
The 1995 Conference of the European Society of Glass Science and Technology (ESG) is the third in a row after those in Sheffield in 1991 and in Venice in 1993. With the 3rd ESG Conference the turn to organize this event has come to the German Society of Glass Technology, one out of three founding members of ESG, besides the Society of Glass Technology and the Union Scientifique Continental du Verre.

One of the rules of ESG states the publication of conference proceedings, however, it is left open whether the proceedings have to be produced before or after the conference event. The organizers of this year's conference have the ambition to provide the proceedings at the time the conference was convened. For the authors deadlines are always a nuisance - no matter when. We were very pleased to experience that the vast majority of the authors submitted their manuscripts in time in order to have them included in the present Conference Proceedings, which comprise more than 90 contributions.

The conference topics reflect the wide spectrum of the current glass research and development, especially in Europe, spanning from glass structure, sol-gel glasses, glass-ceramics, composites and glasses with special properties to properties and treatment of glass surfaces as well as oxide layers and coatings. Once again it is demonstrated that the vitreous state, modifications of glass surfaces and applications of the material glass display an innovative potential ready to be exploited.

The success of the present Proceedings was due to the efforts of the program committee, namely, Dr. H. Arribart, J. D. Chatzis, Prof. Dr. G. H. Frischat, Prof. Dr. J. Matousek, Mr. S. Persson and Mr. W. Simpson, and of course of all the authors, who 1 would like to take the opportunity to thank. In addition 1 also wish to acknowledge the extensive help of Dr. D. Kaboth and Mrs. V. Begemeier in shaping the manuscripts for printing procedures.

Helmut A. Schaeffer Frankfurt/Main, April 1995

CONTENT

I. Invited Papers
R. L. Snyder 1), P. J. LaPuma 1), S. Zdzieszynski 1), R. Brückner 2)
N. Y. State College of Ceramics, Alfred University, Alfred, NY, USA 1) Institut f. Nichtmetallische Werkstoffe, Technical University, Berlin, Germany 2)
Characterization of the Sn diffusion layer in the surface of float glass
using grazing incidence X-ray reflectrometry and fluorescence page 3

H. Franz
PPG Industries, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Ion exchange and redox reactions in the float bath page 15

H. Schmidt
Institut f. Neue Materialien gern. GmbH, Saarbrücken, Germany
Modification of glass surfaces by multifunctional chemical coatings page 21

II. Glass Structure
J. A. Duffy
Department of Chemistry, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Aspects of chemical bonding in glass page 35

R. Conradt
Department of Materials Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
A thermodynamic approach to multicomponent oxide glasses page 43

L. V. Maksimov
S.I. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Peterburg, Russia
Fluctuation micro-inhomogeneities of glass page 51

M. D. Ingram 1), A. Bunde 2), M. Meyer 2)
Department of Chemistry, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom 1) Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität, Giessen, Germany 2)
The dynamic structure of glassy materials page 59

P. Strehlow
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Berlin, Germany
Low-temperature thermal properties of glasses page 67

0. V. Yanush, V. 0. Kabanov, L. V. Zubkova
Department of Physics, St. Petersburg Technological University of Plant Polymers, Russia
Glass structure analysis by vibrational spectroscopy page 73

A. Barz 1), K. Meyer2), D. Stachel 1)
Otto-Schott-Institut, Universität Jena, Germany 1)
Institut f. Physikalische Chemie, Universität Jena, Germany 2)
Structure investigations in the "anomalous" binary glass system
ZnO-P205 page 79

G. Sedmale 1), V. Kabanow 2), U. Sedmalis 1)
Institute of Silicate Materials, Riga Technical University, Latvia 1) Technological University of Plant Polymers, St. Petersburg, Russia 2)
Structure and properties of glasses in the System
BaO-B203(A1203)-P205 page 85

Y. Sätina, Y. Auzäns, U. Sedmalis
Institute of Silicate Materials, Riga Technical University, Latvia
Glass structure Formation procedure within the system LiF-BPO4-KBF4(NaBF4) page 91

D. Holland, R. Dupree, G. Mortuza, M. Lockyer
Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom
Octahedral silicon in glass page 97

J. F. Batrakov 1), L. L. Makarov 1), A. A. Zhilin 2), A. N. Zamyatin 2), T. 1. Chuvaeva 2)
Institute of Silicate Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia 1)
S. 1. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia 2)
Studies of structural state of Zr in glass and glass-ceramics by X-ray emission spectroscopy page 105

A. V. Dmitryuk, N. D. Solov'eva, N. T. Timofeev
S. 1. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
The problem of silver atoms stabilization in glass page 111

M. Mennig, M. Riedling, H. Schmidt, D. Hoebbel
Institut f. Neue Materialien gem. GmbH, Saarbrücken, Germany
Influence of fluorine an structure and physical properties of
K20-CaO-Si02 glasses page 116

E. L. Kozhina, M. M. Shultz
Institute of Silicate Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
Relation between thermodynamic properties and chemical structure
of alkaligermanate melts page 122

L. Pascual, A. Durän
Instituto de Cerämica y Vidrio, Madrid, Spain
Nitridation effect an mixed alkali glasses of the system
R20-R'20-PbO-P205 page 128

G. Kordas 1), G. H. Frischat 2)
Institute of Materials Science, National Center for Scientific Research, Attikis, Greece 1)
Institut f. Nichtmetallische Werkstoffe, TU Clausthal, Germany 2)
Multifrequency EPR spectroscopy and MNDO calculations for the interpretation of a new nitrogen related paramagnetic defect center
detected in oxynitride glasses page 134

M. Cerchez
National Institute of Glasses, Bucharest, Romania
The non-isothermal kinetics as batch reactivity evaluation method page 142

J. Kappet, K. Olma
Fraunhofer-Institut f. Silicatforschung, Würzburg, Germany
GLASSMASTER ® - A new software for computing glass properties
from glass composition page 149

A. N. Cormack, Y. Cao
N. Y. State College of Ceramics, Alfred University, Alfred, NY, USA
Computer simulation of structure and transport properties in
silicate glasses page 155

M. Müller, A. Kriltz, T. Kittel
Otto-Schott-Institut, Universität Jena, Germany
Investigation of nucleation and crystal growth by in situ
UV-VIS spectroscopic measurements page 163

M. Goller, L. D. Pye
N. Y. State College of Ceramics, Alfred University, Alfred, NY, USA
High temperature X-ray diffraction studies of the crystallization of MgO-A1203-SiO2 glasses page 169

C. Oprea, G. Ghiculescu, C. Popescu
National Institute of Glasses, Bucharest, Romania
Non-isothermal crystallization of titanate glasses page 175

F. M. Ezz-Eldin 1), N A. Elalaily 1), F. A. Khalifa 2), H. A. EI-Batal 2)
National Center for Radiation Research and Technology,
Cairo, Egypt 1)
Glass Research Department, National Research Center,
Cairo, Egypt 2)
Infrared spectra of gamma-irradiated silicate glasses of the system BaO-B2O3-Si02 page 181

R. Stößer 1), M. Nofz 2), J.-A. Momand 1), G. Scholz 1), S. Sebastian 1) Chemisches Institut, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany 1) Bundesanstalt f. Materialforschung u. -prüfung, Berlin, Germany 2)
Correspondence between physical parameters of glasses and defect formation under the influence of high energy irradiation page 188

F. A. Khalifa 1), H. A. EI-Batal 1), F. M. Ezz-Eldin 2), S. Gharib 3) Glass Research Department, National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt 1)
National Center for Radiation Research and Technology, Cairo, Egypt 2)
National Institute for Standards, Cairo, Egypt 3)
Effect of fast neutrons an some physical properties of glasses in
the system Li2O-Si02 page 196

III. Properties and Treatment of Glass Surfaces
A. Helebrant, J. Matousek
Department of Glass and Ceramics, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Czech Republic
Prediction of glass corrosion under static and dynamic conditions page 207

K. Sebastian
Fraunhofer-Institut f. Silicatforschung, Würzburg, Germany
Comparative in-vitro investigations of the chemical durability of
inorganic fibrous materials page 215

A. A. Ahmed, A. F. Abbas, 1. M. Youssof
Glass Research Lab., National Research Center Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Attack of lead crystal glass (24% PbO) by solutions of some organic
acids page 223

R. Drewello, W. Weibelzahl, R. Weißmann
Institut f. Werkstoffwissenschaften III (Glas und Keramik), Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany
Simulation of microbial induced corrosion of glass surfaces page 230

J. Matousek, D. Simünkovä
Department of Glass and Ceramics, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Czech Republic
Strengthening of flat glasses by acid corrosion page 237

F. Geotti-Bianchini 1), M. Veritä 1), S. Hreglich 1), C. G. Pantano 2), T. Buyuklimanli 2), V. Bojan 2) Stazione Sperimentale del Vetro, Murano-Venezia, Italy 1) Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA 2)
Surface chemistry of commercial glass containers page 243
M. Veritä 1), F. Geotti-Bianchini 1), E. Guadagnino 1), A. Stella 1), C. G. Pantano 2), T. Paulson 2),
Stazione Sperimentale del Vetro, Murano-Venezia, Italy 1) Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA 2)
Chemical characterization of the bottom side of green float glasses page 251

M. Laube, F. Rauch
Institut f. Kernphysik, Universität Frankfurt/M., Germany
Profiling of tin in float glass using Rutherford Backscattering
Spectrometry page 259

M. Karim, D. Holland
Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom
Effect of tin concentration an properties of float glass page 265

E. Guilloteau, F. Creuzet
Laboratoire CNRS/Saint-Gobain, Aubervilliers, France
An AFM study of key phenomena involved in the fracture of glass page 271

C. Wünsche, E. Rädlein, G. H. Frischat
Institut f. Nichtmetallische Werkstoffe, TU Clausthal, Germany
Glass fracture surfaces seen with the atomic force microscope page 275

A. Nordmann 1), Y.-B. Cheng 1), S. V. Hainsworth 2), T. F. Page 2) Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Australia 1) Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Newcastle, United Kingdom 2)
Nanoindentation study an lithium-aluminosilicate glasses and
glass-ceramics page 283

J. Cott, W. C. LaCourse, S. Jenkins
N. Y. State College of Ceramics, Alfred University, Alfred, NY, USA
Effect of water an the friction behavior of glasses page 289

T. M. Cleary, J. R. Varner
N. Y. State College of Ceramics, Alfred University, Alfred, NY, USA
Effects of surface treatments an crack initiation in glasses page 295

M. Dubiel
Fachbereich Physik, Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
Detection of temperature dependent structural rearrangements of ion-exchanged glasses by EXAFS spectroscopy page 303

A. A. Belyustin, M. M. Shultz
Chemical Department of St. Petersburg University, St. Petersburg, Russia
The composition of the surface layer and the electrode potential of
glass page 309

M. V. Chistokolova
Chemical Department of St. Petersburg University, St. Petersburg, Russia
IR spectroscopy application for studying the structure of surface layers
of Na20-B203-Si02 glasses page 315

M. M. Shultz, 1. Y. Archakov, G. G. Ivanov, V. L. Stolyarova
Institute of Silicate Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
High temperature mass spectrometric study of Si02 evaporation page 320

M. M. Shultz, 1. Y. Archakov, G. G. Ivanov, V. L. Stolyarova
Institute of Silicate Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
The study of evaporation of the multicomponent borosilicate glasses containing cesium oxide page 326

J. Leissner 1), D. R. Fuchs 1), W. Barkhausen 2), K. Wissenbach 2) Fraunhofer-Institut f. Silicatforschung, Würzburg, Germany 1) Fraunhofer-Institut f. Lasertechnik, Aachen, Germany 2)
Examination of excimer-laser treatments as a cleaning method for
historical stained glass windows page 332

K. Hahn, R. Weißmann
Institut f. Werkstoffwissenschaften III (Glas und Keramik), Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany
Firing PbO-free glass enamels using the cw-C02-laser page 340

IV. Oxide Layers and Coatings an Glass
R. Ambos, E. Rädlein, G. H. Frischat
Institut f. Nichtmetallische Werkstoffe, TU Clausthal, Germany
SNMS and AFM: Combination of two surface sensitive methods for the characterisation of oxide layers and coatings page 351

C. G. Pantano 1), T. Buyuklimanli 1), J. Shallenberger 1), F. Geotti-Bianchini 2), M. Veritä 2), S. Hreglich 2)
Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA 1) Stazione Sperimentale del Vetro, Murano-Venezia, Italy 2)
XPS and SIMS characterization of tin-oxide coatings an glass page 360

P. Baltä
Department Science and Engineering of Oxide Materials, University "Politehnica" of Bucharest, Romania
Soluble glass layers deposition an glass surface page 366

S. U. Vallerien, G. Krohm, F. Wolf
Th. Goldschmidt AG, Essen, Germany
Pyrolytic surface coating of flat glass page 373

J. Kron, G. Schottner, K.-J. Deichmann
Fraunhofer-Institut f. Silicatforschung, Würzburg, Germany
Colouration of crystal glass through the application of decorative,
coloured coatings based an organic-inorganic hybrid materials page 378

L. P. Chepik
Institute of Silicate Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
Synthesis and properties of solutions and thin oxide films obtained by sol-gel technique page 386

S. Amberg-Schwab, K. Rose
Fraunhofer-Institut f. Silicatforschung, Würzburg, Germany
Special polysiloxanes an glass surfaces page 392

V. Sol-Gel Glasses, Glass-Ceramics, Composites
M. Mennig, A. Kalleder, H. Schmidt
Institut f. Neue Materialien gern. GmbH, Saarbrücken, Germany
Preparation and characterisation of thermomechanical properties of
sol-gel derived glasses in the PbO-B203-ZnO system page 401

B. Munro
Fraunhofer-Institut f. Silicatforschung, Würzburg, Germany
Characterization of lithium silicate glasses prepared by the
sol-gel method page 409

B. Ritzer, M. A. Villegas, J. M. Fernändez Navarro Instituto de Cerämica y Vidrio, Madrid, Spain
Incorporation of silver in silica glasses prepared by sol-gel page 417

L. Montagne, S. Donze, G. Palavit
Laboratory of Vitreous Materials Chemistry, University of Lille, France
Phosphate glass preparation by colloidal route page 425

M. Reise
Fraunhofer-Institut f. Silicatforschung, Würzburg, Germany
Strengthening of mica glass ceramics page 431

D. Stolten 1), E. Monreal 1), U. Soltesz 2)
Daimler Benz/Dornier Research Center, Friedrichshafen, Germany 1) Fraunhofer-Institut f. Werkstoffmechanik, Freiburg, Germany 2)
Properties of a soft and long-term stable glass-ceramic sealing for
solid oxide fuel cells page 439

A. R. Boccaccini 1), D. M. R. Taplin 1), G. Ondracek 2)
School of Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom 1)
Technisches Institut f. Materialwissenschaft, Universität Jena, Germany 2)
Microstructure and properties of glass-matrix composites page 447

H. Hornberger, P. M. Marquis
School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
Factors affecting the mechanical performance of in-ceram
alumina/glass composite page 455

1. G. Penkov 1), R. D. Pascova 2), G. A. Bachvarov 1), 1. S. Gutzow 2) Institute of Metal Science and Technology, Sofia, Bulgaria 1) Institute of Physical Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria 2)
Composite glass-ceramic coatings with a high resistivity in
reduction media page 460

Vl. Glasses with Special Properties
S. Rosenbaum, M. Hornfeck, R. Clasen
Institut f. Neue Materialien gern. GmbH, Saarbrücken, Germany
The difference of properties of silica glasses made by
different methods page 469

V. N. Sanin 1), V. L. Indenbom 2), B. G. Varshal 3) Voronezh Technical University, Voronezh, Russia 1) Institute of Crystallography, Moscow, Russia 2) Glass Research Institute, Moscow, Russia 3)
Phonon spectrum and thermal expansion of silica glass page 477

T. S. Tsekhomskaya, T. A. Tsyganova, 1. N. Anfimova
Institute of Silicate Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
Effect of various factors an volume strains in porous glasses page 482

T. V. Antropova, G. P. Roskova
Institute of Silicate Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
Producing of the porous glasses with abnormal visible light scattering page 490

M. Nofz 1), R. Stößer 2)
Bundesanstalt f. Materialforschung u. -prüfung, Berlin, Germany 1) Chemisches Institut, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany 2)
Creation of special optical and magnetic properties of glasses
by reductive doping with Fe species page 495

V. 1. Arbuzov, A. 1. Gusarov, F. N. Ignatiev
S. 1. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
Radiation-induced absorption and refractive index difference in
optical glasses and their radiation resistant counterparts page 501

A. Dotsenko, A. Efremov, T. Pekhovsky, 1. Potekhina
S. 1. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
Optical and magneto-optical properties simulation for glasses
with nanoparticles page 507

A. M. Efimov
S. 1. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
Optical characteristics of glass: the nature of Abbe's rule page 511

A. 1. Gusarov, V. 1. Arbuzov, A. V. Dotsenko, L. N. Urusovskaya, A. 0. Volchek
S. 1. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
Radiation resistivity mechanism for new optical glasses without cerium 517

D. Ehrt 1), H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem 1), H.-S. Albrecht 2), T. Schröder 2), W. Triebel 2)
Otto-Schott-Institut, Universität Jena, Germany 1)
Institut f. Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena, Germany 2)
Charge transfer transitions and radiation effects in glasses in the
deep-UV range page 521

M. Mika, L. Sasek, M. Rada
Department of Glass and Ceramics, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Czech Republic
Vitreous electrolytes with Cu+ page 527

P. F. Schofield 1), P. W. Howard 2), C. M. B. Henderson 3), G. Cressey 1) Department of Mineralogy, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom 1)
87 Enville Street, Stourbridge, Worcestershire, United Kingdom 2) Department of Geology, University of Manchester, United Kingdom 3)
Origin of colour in medieval glasses investigated by
synchrotron radiation page 533

M. Rada, L. Sasek, M. Mika
Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Czech Republic
What to do an with the lead crystal glass? page 541

Wang Chengyu 1), Hu Yingjie 1), 2)
Dalian Institute of Light Industry, Dalian, China 1) Laboratory of Excited State Processes, Academia Sinica, Changchun, China 2)
Influence of Cu+ ion-implantation an nonlinear optical properties of Na2O-B203-A1203-Si02-CuCI glasses page 549

K.-J. Berg, A. Dehmel, G. Berg
Fachbereich Physik, Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
Colour-microstructured glass polarizers page 554

D. K. Tagantsev, G. 1. Kurbatova
S. 1. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
Technology of ultra-thin graded-index objective page 560

N. T. Timofeev, A. V. Dmitryuk, V. A. Savostyanov
S. 1. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
X-ray luminescence of doped glasses page 566

P. Polato 1), G. Zanella 2), R. Zannoni 2), M. Bettinelli 3)
Stazione Sperimentale del Vetro, Murano-Venezia, Italy 1)
Dpt. Fisica dell'Universitä & Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Padova, Italy 2)
Instituto Policattedra, Universitä di Verona, Italy 3)

Scintillating glasses for X-ray and neutron detection page 571
D. R. Simons 1), A. J. Faber 2), H. de Waal 1)
Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands 1)
TNO Institute of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands 2)

Pr-doped GeSx-based glasses for fiber amplifiers around 1.3 pm page 579
R. D. Pascova
Institute of Physical Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
TEM investigations an the size and volume distributions of the

AgCI phase formed in a model photochromic glass page 587
M. P. Shepilov, A. V. Dotsenko, V. K. Shiff
S. 1. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia
The phase transformation kinetics and thermal processes modeling
for heterogeneous photochromic glasses page 593

V. A. Tsekhomskii
Research and Technological Institute of Optical Materials, St. Petersburg, Russia
A new route to the structure of photochromic glasses - page 599 Activated CuHal and AgHal microcrystals

 
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